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Hotel Princesa Sofia, Barcelona Diagonal Sur, Barcelona

Hotel Princesa Sofia

Barcelona Diagonal Sur, Barcelona

Hotel Teatre Auditori, Barcelona Eixample Norte, Barcelona

Hotel Teatre Auditori

Barcelona Eixample Norte, Barcelona

Hotel Acevi Villarroel, Barcelona Eixample Sur, Barcelona

Hotel Acevi Villarroel

Barcelona Eixample Sur, Barcelona

Hotel Vincci Maritimo, Barcelona Diagonal Forum, Barcelona

Hotel Vincci Maritimo

Barcelona Diagonal Forum, Barcelona

Hotel Majestic Inglaterra, Barcelona Plaça Catalunya, Barcelona

Hotel Majestic Inglaterra

Barcelona Plaça Catalunya, Barcelona

Hotel HCC Montblanc, Barcelona Barrio Gotico, Barcelona

Hotel HCC Montblanc

Barcelona Barrio Gotico, Barcelona

Your hotel in Barcelona


General

Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia, the second largest city in Spain and Europe's largest city on the Mediterranean. Barcelona is located 120 kilometres (75 miles) south of the Pyrenees and the French border.

The city is home to 1.6 million people. Together with the suburbs, there are about 5 million people, including about 16% foreigners.

Geography of Barcelona

Barcelona has a uniquely beautiful location. A 5 km (3 miles) wide plateau is at the heart of the city, to the west, the hilly mountain range Collserola. To the south the city through the mountain Montjuic is completed, which hosts the site of the Olympic Games. The gardens and facilities are now available to the public. Another attraction is the fortress from the 17th Century, which is now a museum.

Arts and Culture of Barcelona

The centre of Barcelona is the place of Catalunya (Plaça de Catalunya). From here you can reach on foot the Roman ruins, the medieval town and the modern city Eixample (meaning expansion). To the north of the Passeig de Gracia, a large shopping area can be found. You will find the well known Spanish chain stores (Zara, Mango, etc.), as well as exclusive boutiques. Interesting, the two architectural works of Antoni Gaudi, Casa Mila and Casa Batllo. South of the Plaça de Catalunya is the historic centre, the Barri Gotic (translated: Gothic Quarter). Here are many beautiful buildings of the medieval city like La Catedral, the Cathedral of Saint Eulalia, the king Plaça del Rei, the Museum Frederic Mares and the Town Hall (Ajuntament). World famous is Las Ramblas or Les Rambles Kalatanisch. There is a wide avenue that leads from the centre to the port. Do not forget to drink from the fountain of de Canaletes. This well is said that anyone who drink it, always returning to Barcelona.

At the southern end of Las Ramblas is on the Plaça Portal de la Pau, the statue of Christopher Columbus. There are at the Old Port, Port Vell, the medieval shipyards, now the Maritime Museum Museu Maritim. Learn all about the Catalan seafaring in the Mediterranean. On the harbour and the modern leisure and shopping centre Maremagnun. For the Olympic Games in 1992 a lot of money was ready, allowing harmful industrial facilities are located right on the harbour. Barcelona is no longer with their backs to the sea. Barcelona is today facing the sea. One attraction is the cable car port, which connects the port to Montjuic.

Antoni Gaudi

Barcelona was a very unique form of Art Nouveau, the modernist. World famous architect Antoni Gaudi is one of the greatest architects of all time. Fortunately, Antoni Gaudi was supported by the industrialist Eusebi Güell and he could thus many buildings of timeless beauty build, which were of course more expensive than simple finishing buildings. In a few years, the Sagrada Familia will be finished. The last cathedral, which is building the human race yet. However, religious hypocrisy in the 3rd Millennium is no longer modern. The Sagrada Familia is built, because it will be impressive as no other building around the world. Just as the cathedrals in the Middle Ages, it will draw millions of visitors to the city. God as a hanger, but paid for by the commercial and built for commerce. In particular, we must never forget: the design of the Sagrada Familia is 120 years old and she will look like a stunning building from a science fiction movie. Antoni Gaudi, one of the greatest architects of all time. Or is it the greatest. However, Antoni Gaudi has been bestowed with his art and visitors to the city of Barcelona love his works:

  • Casa Mila (La Pedrera)
  • Palau Güell
  • Park Güell
  • Casa Batllo
  • Casa Vicens
  • Casa Calvet
  • experience with it, how does the Sagrada Familia.

All these buildings are from 1984 and 2005, a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Since 1997, in Barcelona for 2 buildings by Lluis Domenech i Montaner have been added:

  • Hospital de Sant Pau
  • Palau de la Musica Catalana

Interesting Torre Telefonica on the Olympic site of Santiago Calatrava and the Torre Agbar by Jean Nouvel (Sponsor: Aguas de Barcelona, not Beate Uhse). At the World Exposition 1929 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe designed the German pavilion, a masterpiece of architecture in the Bauhaus style. He was at the Expo demolished, but from 1983 to 1986 at the foot of Montjuic reconstructed to offer along with the other buildings in the world shows another tourist attraction.

Major museums in the city of Barcelona:

  • Museu Joan Miro
  • Museu de Picasso
  • Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya
  • Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona

Transport in Barcelona

Barcelona Sants is the main station. Distance trains to Madrid, Valencia and towards the south of France. For the visitor much more important is the extensive tram network (Rodalies), with which the whole environment of Barcelona well connected. Barcelona has a large network of subway lines and two tram networks, and Trambaix Trambesós. Renting a car does not need the tourist in Barcelona.

Barcelona airport (El Prat de Llobregat) has an S-Bahn station. Closer to the Costa Brava is the airport of Girona, Costa Dorada closer to the airport of Reus near Tarragona.

Sports in Barcelona

Is world famous football club FC Barcelona, Barça or short. The stadium, Camp Nou, is now only be the largest in Europe after the enlargement, the Camp Nou is the largest stadium in the world. Barça see live, whether fan or not, is at Camp Nou to a memorable attraction.

North of Barcelona, the Circuit de Catalunya. In spring place here instead of the Grand Prix of Spain in the winter, this challenging route is the preferred test track in Formula 1

History of Barcelona

The history of Barcelona began over 2000 years to the Iberian settlement Barkeno. Due to the location with the Collserola mountains in the west and the Montjuic in the south, the city was easy to defend and had such great importance at all times.

Origins

Little is known from before the conquest of the Iberian Peninsula by the Romans. At the beginning of the Second Punic War, the area of Barcelona was conquered by the Carthaginians. Until then the northern boundary of the Carthaginian territories ran along the Ebro, which is about 150 kilometres (90 miles) further south. The military occupation of the territory of Barcelona by Hannibal Barca is now known as the founding of the city of Barcelona.

The Roman colony of Barcelona

The region of Barcelona was the first area of the Iberian Peninsula, which occupy the Romans. They called it "Barcino". Originally the region was used to provide retired soldiers land. From here the gradual conquest of the Iberian Peninsula started by the Romans. By its strategic location on the Via Augusta, the city could develop well. Goes back to Roman times, the rectangular street pattern, which simply ignores the many hills in the city. The economy based on agriculture and viticulture. Finds from this period show that the population at that time was relatively rich. Were publicly run facilities, such as a circus amphitheatre or not. However, the Temple, the Emperor Augustus inaugurated yet, for the size Barcinos very large. To deter Germanic peoples, under Emperor Claudius II, the fortifications were reinforced. A double wall, which was up to 8 meters high with 78 towers protected the city and made sure that Barcino was more important compared to Tarragona. The Edict of Milan by Emperor Constantine the Great in 313 granted the Christians in the Roman Empire the freedom of religion, but was bishop of Tarragona. Just today, Barcelona is building a cathedral, the Sagrada Familia. However, there will be a cathedral, Gaudí by the ingenious architecture of Antoni any other religious building in the shade is.

The Moorish Empire

In 711 the troops reached the Moors on the Iberian peninsula in 717 Tarragona was destroyed. Barcelona turned out to not be destroyed. The cathedral was converted into a mosque and raises taxes for non-Muslims. Lange took the Moorish rule, because the province south of the Pyrenees was the Frankish empire under Charlemagne. The provincial capital was Cardona with a castle that was not vulnerable. Louis the Pious, son of Charles the Great, conquered, 801 Barcelona after months of siege.

The Spanish monarchy

A prenuptial agreement was Barcelona 1137 part of the Kingdom of Aragon. Again in a prenuptial agreement (Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile) was Barcelona in 1469, part of Spain with Madrid as its centre. Aragon and Barcelona as the most important city was relegated to the province. Moreover, world trade moved by the discovery of America on the Atlantic and away from the Mediterranean. Twice in the following story is allied against Barcelona and Catalonia, Madrid and was punished for it. After the conflict between France and Spain, Catalonia in 1659 lost its provinces north of the Pyrenees to France. After the War of Spanish Succession (1700-1713), Barcelona was occupied by French troops, thus ending the Catalan government.

With the onset of industrialization Barcelona experienced a new boom; the region was rich and lost political influence. The medieval city walls were demolished and the city stretched farther and farther. Barcelona hosted the 1888 World's Fair, an event in a time when no normal person could travel, had enormous significance.

Civil War and Franco

1936 won the Frente Popular, a politically left standing alliance, the Spanish elections. Barcelona as a city with industry was a stronghold. That same year, broke the Spanish Civil War. In the Frente Popular anarchists, Marxists, Communists and Socialists were joined together in Barcelona in May 1937 resulted in another war. Barcelona in 1938 was attacked by aircraft of the German Condor Legion. From 26 January 1939, Barcelona was controlled by the troops of General Franco. Barcelona provided substantial resistance against the fascists and was rewarded, as so often in history, severely punished. Catalonia lost any independence, even the use of one's own language was forbidden. Working was not forbidden and Barcelona remained the industrial centre of Spain. Catalonia is still the leader in tourism, which has become the leading "industry" of Spain.

Democracy

Spain rapidly developed into a modern democracy after the death of Franco. It went without major problems and no conflicts because the Spaniards thought much more modern. It was very clever, the Catalans immediately return the autonomy. The accession of Spain to the EU in 1986 promoted the development of Barcelona. The Olympic Games in 1992 made the beauty of the city of Barcelona renowned worldwide. Today, hardly a city in the world of so many tourists visit, such as Barcelona. And rightly so! This trend will continue, for the Spanish high speed AVE train from Madrid to Barcelona leaves already and the connection to the French TGV network is under construction. Thus, Barcelona and Catalonia ready for the time when a trip is by plane too expensive.